*1. Bribery and corruption: some civil servants divert public fund to their personal pockets. Property meant for the public service are turned to theirs. In fact some will not perform their routine duties effectively until they are sufficiently bribe. This may lack citizens confidence from the government.*
*2. Poor condition of service: That is, salaries of the civil servants are not attractive. Promotion are also slow. Citizens will absolutely lost trust in the government.*
*3. Another reason that will make citizens to lust trust in any government if the political power that is in government failed to fulfilling their manifesto.*
*4. Tribalism, favouritism and nepotism: Some key appointments into top position and promotion in any government department are not base on merits but nepotism and tribalism preferential treatment to friends, relatives ect.*
*5. Finally, incompetent of the presidential candidate and his executives. That is, if the three arm's of government are not perverting justice according to the constitution. Citizens will lose confidence in the government*
*NUMBER TWO SOLUTIONS*
1. Every adult citizen has the right to vote in elections, on a non-discriminatory basis.
(2) Every adult citizen has the right to access to an effective, impartial and non-discriminatory procedure for the registration of voters.
(3) No eligible citizen shall be denied the right to vote or disqualified from registration as a voter, otherwise than in accordance with objectively verifiable criteria prescribed by law, and provided that such measures are consistent with the State's obligations under international law.
(4) Every individual who is denied the right to vote or to be registered as a voter shall be entitled to appeal to a jurisdiction competent to review such decisions and to correct errors promptly and effectively.
(5) Every voter has the right to equal and effective access to a polling station in order to exercise his or her right to vote.
(6) Every voter is entitled to exercise his or her right equally with others and to have his or her vote accorded equivalent weight to that of others.
(7) The right to vote in secret is absolute and shall not be restricted in any manner whatsoever.
(i) A state is a territorial association of people with defined boundaries, while Government is an administrative institution within a state.
(ii) A state is more inclusive and therefore greater than government i.e. it embraces all the people and associations within a given area while Government is not as inclusive as the state.
(iii) A state is a continuing entity. It is therefore permanent. It can hardly be overthrown or changed. while Government is a temporary institution. It only lasts over a period of time. It can be overthrown
(iv) A state depends on government in carrying out its activities. while Government is the machinery by which the functions of a state are performed.
(v) A state has its elements, as population, territory, government and sovereignty. Government has its main organs as the legislature, executive and judiciary
(i) Settlement of disputes: the traditional rulers performed some judicial functions by settling dispute
(ii) Creation of law enforcement: law enforcement institutions were created, e.g age grades and masquerade
(iii) The use of ancestral spirits: ancestral spirits were used by the traditional rulers to control their subjects.
(iv) The use of sanction and punishments: these measures were applied against law breakers, e.g banishment.
(v) The introduction of rewards: people who had contributed to the development of their areas were rewarded with titles or distribution of land and war booty.
E-government is the use of technological communications devices, such as computers and the Internet, to provide public services to citizens and other persons in a country or region.
- Inclusive Governance: E-governance helps in building trust between governments and citizens, an essential factor in good governance by using internet-based strategies to involve citizens in the policy process, illustrating government transparency and accountability.
- Easy and Quick Implementation: With e-government, paperwork has been made so simple and intuitive. This facilitates sharing of information and ideas between all government agencies and department to build one mega data base. Getting the government decisions and policies across to the citizens is easy as well, since e-government gives every citizen access to information.
- High Operational Efficiency: What matters a lot to citizens is the efficiency of the services being provided. The effectiveness of government is measured by the quality of its interactions with citizens. The processing of paperwork in a traditional government system is a difficult task which consumes a lot of resources; time spent on paperwork does not create much value for citizens.
- High Level of Trust on Government: For any government to survive or maintain or keep control of power, such government must win the trust of the majority of the citizens. E-government can always afford that for any government that embraces it.
- Reduces Costs of Running a Government: E-government is very cost effective. Let’s take for example that government wants to seek a public opinion on an issue, with e-government system it can take a survey and the opinion very fast at extremely low cost. That also applies when government would want to capture some data
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